Les travaux en cours

Articles en Cours 

Choix de spécialité / specialty choice

Gender differences

Berlin Noemi, Dumontet Magali, "Why do women choose different medical specialities?  The role of taste for competition and specialty amenities


Empirical evidence shows that men and women make different educational choices and hold different types of occupations. In this paper, we study the case of medical studies in France: a very competitive field in which there are today more women than men and where high gender imbalances in terms of medical specialty choices are observed. We investigate the determinants of the gender gap of specialty choices that takes place at the end of the 6th year of medical studies after taking a national exam that rank the students allowing them to sequentially choose a specialty from  the available residency positions. We confirm that women perform less and thus have a more constrained specialty choice set than men.

The taste for competition largely explains this gender gap. We also show that even when facing the same choice set, women choose different specialties than men and that is mainly because women have different taste for specialties amenities.

Amer-Mestre Josep, Charpin Agnès, Berlin Noémi, Dumontet Magali, "Gender Differences in Early Occupational Choices: Evidence from Medical Specialty Selection"


This paper analyses gender differences in occupational choices in a setting in which observed matches are solely determined by supply-side factors: the French centralised medical residency se-lection mechanism. We show that men and women facing the same occupational choice set make drastically different occupational choices. Medical specialties selected by women pay less, have lower 

time requirements, and are less competitive. To understand these differences, we administer a sur-vey to prospective medical residents right before their specialty choice. Using both a hypothetical job choice framework and stated preferences, we show that women care more than men about the social component and schedule flexibility of their job, while men care more than women about the job’s content, prestige, and income. We also uncover an anticipation effect of fertility on women’s career choices. Our results suggest that individual preferences play a determinant role in explaining gender-based occupational segregation.

Choix de localisation et préférences géographiques/ Location choices and preferences

Geographical preferences

Chevillard Guillaume, Dumontet Magali, Palombi Olivier "Geographical Origins of Medical Students: Impact on Preferred Practice Locations"


Context: In France, as in many countries, doctors are poorly distributed across the territory. Measures have been deployed to attract and maintain doctors in deficit areas via financial incentives or improvement of practice conditions. On the other hand, very few responses concern the training of doctors. Our objective here is to document the determinants of medical students' preferences for practice location before choosing their specialty and residency location. We assume that personal factors will influence these choices and that some of them can be addressed by public authorities to reconsider medical education.

Materiel: we send a survey to 83.7% of 6th year medical students who chose a residency position in 2022. We received 3,525 responses, resulting in a response rate of 43% out of the 8,039 medical students contacted.

Methods: Our outcome variable is an unordered categorical variable indicating the preferred practice location area for medical students assigned in a specialty (Rural and suburban areas, large cities, other cities and “I don’t know”) and those assigned in general medicine (Urban, surburban or rural areas or “I don’t know”). Using a multinomial multinomial logit, we estimate the probability of indicating a preferred practice location choice l for 8 groups of preferred practice areas. Our main interest variable is the geographical background.

Results: Medical students assigned to a medical specialty are significantly less likely to hail from a rural background compared to those assigned to general medicine. Conversely, a higher proportion of those pursuing a medical specialty spent their childhood in big cities. Regarding behavioral variables and personality traits, we find that medical students assigned to general medicine are significantly more risk-averse than those pursuing a medical specialty.

Econometric results show that geographical origins play a significant role in the preferred practice location area. For instance, compared to students who lived in large cities, students who lived in rural areas have a 13-point higher probability of indicating a desire to practice in a rural area when assigned to general medicine and a 7.2-point higher probability of indicating a rural or suburban area when assigned to a specialty.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that recruiting students with a variety of geographical and socio-economic profiles may result in a more harmonious geographical distribution. It therefore seems interesting to question the way in which students are selected in order to diversify their geographical and social profiles.